What are advantages of DBMS over traditional file based systems?
Ans: Database management systems were developed to handle the following dif?culties of typical ?le-processing systems supported by conventional operating systems.
1. Data redundancy and inconsistency
2. Dif?culty in accessing data
3. Data isolation – multiple ?les and formats
4. Integrity problems
5. Atomicity of updates
6. Concurrent access by multiple users
7. Security Read More →